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Turkey And European Union Agreement

According to a study carried out in 2020, the agreement has boosted trade between the EU and Turkey. In the manufacturing sector, trade between the EU and Turkey increased by 55-65% compared to the Ankara agreement. [2] The eu-Turkey customs union covers only industrial and processed agricultural products. Some Decisions of the Association Council apply to agricultural products and a preferential agreement is applied to coal and steel products. Under the principle of free movement, products manufactured in the Community or In Turkey: Products from or part of products from third countries that are in free practice in the Community or Turkey are considered to be in free practice in the customs territory of the Customs Union (Community-Turkey), where the import procedures are completed and all duties or taxes of equivalent effect collected in the Community or Turkey have been collected and they have not received a full or partial refund of these duties. On the basis of the principle of free movement which Turkey must respect for the functioning of the customs union, here is the following: from 1 January 1996, Turkey began to abolish tariffs on industrial products and adopted the Common Community tariff in its trade with third countries. Some of the exemptions in the decision were eventually abolished and, for processed agricultural products, tariffs on the industrial part of the global protection were abolished. In addition, due to the obligations arising from Association Council Decision 1/95, Turkey`s foreign trade system is largely aligned with the EU customs code. In this context, the EU`s achievements in the areas of technical law, intellectual and industrial property rights, competition policy and EU legislation on the free movement of goods and the common trade policy is taken into account and expressed in our external trade system. Studies carried out under the customs union freezing obligations can be summarized as follows: before the creation of the customs union, the Turkish Competition Authority and the Turkish Patent Institute were created. The main task of the CUJC is to set up a consultation procedure to ensure legislative harmonisation in areas directly related to the functioning of the customs union between Turkey and the EU. The Association Council makes recommendations to the Association Council. It is planned to meet regularly once a month.

The parties recognize that economic development, social development and environmental protection are interdependent.

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