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India China No Weapons Agreement

Since the Galwan conflict, there have been requests to review the agreements of different parties. Following the recent spike in tensions on the north and south shores of Pangong Tso during recent meetings between the two countries` defence and foreign ministers in Moscow, the two sides agreed to respect all existing border agreements, maintain peace and calm in border areas and avoid “any action that could make matters worse.” The five-point plan reached on 10 September between Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Moscow states that “if the situation calms down, both sides should accelerate work to create new CBMs to maintain and improve peace and tranquility in border areas.” On 15 June, clashes broke out between India and China in the Galwan Valley when an Indian patrol struck Chinese soldiers in an area from which the Chinese had withdrawn in accordance with a June 6 exit agreement. The second agreement, signed in November 1996, set out the detailed protocols to achieve the objectives set out in the first agreement. And it is this agreement that prevents soldiers on both sides from killing each other with guns. Article I of the agreement states that “neither side can use its military capabilities against the other party. No armed forces deployed on both sides in the border areas along the effective line of control.┬áNew Delhi, June 19 (IANS) The 20 Indian soldiers killed in the violent clash with China along the Effective Line of Control (LAC) in the Galwan Valley in Ladakh did not use the firearms they were carrying under the two bilateral agreements between India and China. The same question was asked by some commentators during various televised debates. The answer to this question lies in bilateral agreements between India and China. Mr. Jaishankar referred to bilateral agreements that discourage Indian and Chinese soldiers from using firearms. Rahul Gandhi`s party was in power when the 1993 agreement was signed, and his party supported the HD Devegowda government when the detailed 1996 agreement was signed.

In addition, not only did Rahul Gandhi secretly meet with Chinese officials, but his party did sign an agreement with the Chinese Communist Party to “consult on important issues”. At UPA1 in 2008, the Congress Party and the Communist Party of China (CPC) signed a high-level information exchange and cooperation agreement in Beijing. The Memorandum of Understanding (Memorandum of Understanding) also allowed both sides to “discuss key bilateral, regional and international developments.” A detailed reading of the 1996 agreement shows that it aimed to avoid a global war between India and China by reducing the use of weapons and aggression at the border. And as one of the most professional forces in the world, Indian security forces did not carry firearms to comply with the agreement signed by the Indian government. It may be noted that although the Chinese parties were barbaric in wrapping Indian soldiers with primitive weapons such as stones, studded sticks and barbed wire, they even technically complied with the agreement by not firing shots.

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